Chris Lord

United Kingdom

My research is a three-way conversation between the thought of Ludwig Wittgenstein, Quakerism, and animal rights/animal consciousness: looking at Quaker attitudes towards non-human animals, through a Wittgensteinian lens. The aim is to use silence as the connection between the three separate parts of the conversation: Wittgenstein’s insistence on the power and importance of the ineffable, Quakers’ use of silence for worship, for making individual and collective decisions, and for epistemic insight, and animals’ ‘enforced’ silence through their natural lack of language.

Chris Lord Woodbrooke Quaker Conference Centre


Wittgenstein, Quakers, “animal consciousness”, silence, ineffable

About Chris Lord

These three areas are all of great personal interest and importance, and seem intriguingly connected. I want to explore these connections.